Tomsk Oblast


Tomsk Oblast
   An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Tomsk is located within the Western Siberian Economic Region and the Siberian Federal District. Occupying an area of 316,900 square kilometers, the region’s population is slightly more than 1 million. Ethnic Russians are the dominant group (88 percent), but there are also minorities of Ukrainians (2.6 percent) and Tatars (2.1 percent). The oblast is bounded by Khantiya-Mansiya (a constituency of Tyumen), Krasnoyarsk Krai, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, and Omsk. The region is crossed by a number of rivers, including the Ob, Chulym, Ket, and Vasyugan.
   Tomsk’s topography is defined by the taiga, but also includes boggy areas and forest steppe. The regional capital is Tomsk (pop. 487,000), a city known for its strong scholastic traditions; it was a closed city during Soviet times. The region possesses significant amounts of natural resources, including oil, coal, and natural gas, which are key drivers of the regional economy; various deposits of metal such as titanium, gold, copper, zirconium, and quartz are also found in the area. Engineering, metalworking, and generation of nuclear energy further contribute to the region’s economic output. Forestry, woodworking, hunting, and fishing are significant sources of employment. In terms of agriculture, the region is known for its mushrooms, berries, and wild herbs; cattle and dairy farms are also important.
   The oblast has been governed by the Yeltsin appointee Viktor Kress since 1991, despite the Communist Party of the Russian Federation being the most powerful political party in the local Duma during the early 1990s. Kress, an ethnic German, won reelection in 1995, 1999, and 2003 before being reappointed for another five-year term by Vladimir Putin in 2007. He is the chairman of the Siberian Accord Interregional Association and a member of the Our HomeRussia movement. An avid writer, he has penned a number of books on improving the situation in Russia through advancing the education system. He has established educational exchanges with Great Britain, France, Kazakhstan, and other countries, while building technological and foreign trade links with China and Japan. In 1993, an accident at the Tomsk-7 plutonium separation factory in the Seversk suburb of Tomsk led to the release of uranium and plutonium into the atmosphere, contaminating an area of about 75 square kilometers.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tomsk Oblast — Infobox Russian federal subject EnglishName=Tomsk Oblast RussianName=Томская область Locator LocatorMap CoatOfArmsLink=Coat of arms of Tomsk Oblast FlagLink=Flag of Tomsk Oblast AnthemLink= none AdmCtrOrCapital=Administrative center… …   Wikipedia

  • State Duma of Tomsk Oblast — The State Duma of Tomsk Oblast is the standing legislative body of the government of Tomsk Oblast, a single chamber body of 42 deputies. [http://eng.duma.tomsk.ru] * Website for Tomsk Oblast Duma …   Wikipedia

  • Kedrovy, Tomsk Oblast — Kedrovy ( ru. Кедровый) is a town (since 1987) in Tomsk Oblast, Russia, situated in the valley of the Chusik River (basin of the Ob). Population: 3,052 (2002 Census). There is an airport in the town …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Tomsk Oblast — *Cities under the federal government management: **Seversk (Северск) *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Tomsk (Томск) (administrative center) *** City districts : ****Kirovsky (Кировский) ****Leninsky (Ленинский) ****Oktyabrsky… …   Wikipedia

  • Oblast de tomsk — Томская область (russe) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oblast de Tomsk — (ru) Томская область …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Óblast de Tomsk — Томская область Óblast de Rusia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tomsk — /tomsk/; Russ. /tawmsk/, n. a city in the central Russian Federation in Asia, E of the Ob River. 502,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city and administrative centre of Tomsk oblast, central Russia, on the Tom River above its confluence with the Ob.… …   Universalium

  • Oblast Gorki — Oblast Nischni Nowgorod Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oblast Kalinin — Oblast Twer Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.